Ephesus is a reflection of Roman Empire’s brillant days. Its history begins in 8600 BC as an ordinary settlement. Then it gets larger in centuries and becomes one of the most important capitals of the world. Its location has been very effective on its development. Trade routes and harbour here have been connections between west and east at that time. The city has experienced its golden age in 129 AC after it has become a city of Roman Empire. At that age (2nd-1st century BC), Ephesus has turned into one of the biggest metropolis with its population more than 200000.
Growing wealth of the city has reflected to architecture too. The most beautiful construction in the city has been The Temple of Artemis. The Temple of Artemis was built by Lydian King Creseus in 550 BC. Then Romans has conquered the city. Unfortunately, a few pieces of stones and a column have remained from the temple today.
Ephesus has been a home to many people from different religions and races. Saint Paul who trusted toleration atmosphere brought Virgin Mary here to save her life after Christ was crucified. Today, Virgin Mary’s home here is a haj point for Christians and it is visited from the four corners of the world.
Ephesus has been looted many times, it has experienced earthquakes, it has passed into other hands; it has always survived. But the city couldn’t resisted to Little Maeander River. The river has filled in the harbour with alluvion. As a result of this, sea trade has finished and the city has lost power. Today, the city is 5 kilometers away from the nearest seaside.
What can you see in Ephesus? Here are some of them.
Harbour Street: Its original name is Arkadiane. It is the longest street of Ephesus. It connects Odeon to the harbour. There are gorgeous columns along both sides of the street. Kings have been welcomed on this street and religious ceremonies have been displayed here.
The Big Theatre: It is the largest open-air theatre of ancient age. It is for 24000 people. The stage is ruined but the sitting steps are well.
Agora: It is a square next to Celsus Library and it is the most important trade and culture center and a bazaar. It has three entrances and was settled by Empiror Augustus in the 3rd century BC. Agora experienced an earthquake in 4th century AC and it became useless.
Celsus Library: It is the most beautiful construction in Ephesus. It is single-story and it has a very high ceiling. It was constructed for Celsus, the governor of Ephesus, by his son in 106 AC.
Terrace Houses: Here is a site for rich people on Ephesus. Each house has got a yard. These houses are so luxurious that there is floor heating system here.
Latrina: It is a public toilet. It is also used for socializing. Everybody could see each other and they could chat while sitting.
Curetes Street: This is the main Street in Ephesus. There are Traianus Fountain, Hadrian Temple, Skolastika Bathhouses on the street.
Thanks for reading.