Thanks to technology and other science branches, science people have made breakthrough discoveries with methods that nobody imagined until a few years ago. The most significant example is Ancient DNA of course. Today, I am writing a list about the most remarkable archaeological discoveries of the world in 2020.
1.120000 year old human footprints in Saudi Arabia
In Saudi Arabia, archaeologists have found footprints of humans, elephants, and other animals around an old and dried lake. This place is in North of Saudi Arabia. Nearly 120000 years ago, a small group of Homo Sapiens must have stopped near a shallow lake for drinking water and looking for food. This lake has also been a destination not only for people but also for camels, buffaloes, and bigger elephants. People might have hunted big mammals here. They have chosen points like this to eat and drink as a resting point during a long journey. Although Arabian Peninsula is not livable today because there are wide deserts here, it was livable in last interglacial period because it was greener and drippier.
2.12600 year old drawings of giant animals in Amazon
Thousands of ice age drawings have been found on one side of a cliff in Amazon rainforest. The drawings enlighten us about the lives of people and animals 12500 years ago. Researchers says that ice age people have drown pictures of extinct animals like mastodon(a pre-historic relative of elephant), giant sloths, and ice age horses. There are also drawings of geometric figures, human figures, fingerprints, hunting scenes, snakes, birds.
3.25000 year old construction made of mammut bones
A mysterious construction which is made from 60 different mammut remains has been uncovered in Russia. The construction is round-shaped and gives clue about how old societies has survived from ice age of Europe. New analysis shows the bones in the area are older than 20000 years.
4.A slave and his master in Pompeii
Archaeologists has uncovered well-preserved bodies who died from Vesuvius volcano explosion. The bodies are really detailed. Blood vessel on their hands, convoluted fingers, wooly clothes can be seen easily. The younger one is 18-25 years old and he has some stuck vertebra. Experts think that he is the slave because of his vertebra. The older one is 30-40 years old and he has a stronger bone structure especially the chest. And experts think that he is the master. The bodies are closed to each other. They have been found in the probable corridor of a villa. If you want to read more about Pompeii, here you are.
5.Viking DNA analysis
More than 400 Viking skeletons from Europe and Greenland have been examined by the researchers. The largest DNA analysis on Viking skeletons shows not all Viking was Scandinavian origin and they had mostly brown hair. They didn’t have blonde hair. The study also shows Scandinavia genetic history has been effected by foreign genes coming from Asia and South Europe.
I am looking forward to new significant archaeological discoveries of 2021. Thanks for reading.