One of the most exciting archaeological discoveries in China is Terracotta Army. This is a gorgeous army of a very powerful emperor and the soldiers have been made for protecting the emperor afterlife. The owner of this idea is Chinese emperor Qin Shi Huang. He became emperor when he was 13. He became the first emperor who united Chinese dynasties and he created an empire during his reign. He also united defence walls which were made by different dynasties on different times. So, Great Wall was formed. After he had ascended the throne, he commanded workers to build a mausoleum for himself in 246 BC. So, creation of the full-fledges army, that would protect the emperor afterlife, began. Making Terracotta soldiers took 40 years and finished in 208 BC two years after the emperor’s death.
Terracotta soldiers are located in 40 kilometers east of Xian city, China. A farmer found them in 1920 by chance but he got afraid and reburied them. Then in 1974, some workers encountered the buried army while they were digging a pit. This enormous army for 8000 warriors went public in 1979 and it took its place in World Heritage List in 1987.
The army is mostly made of terra-cotta and there are soldiers, horses, horse-drawn vehicles, and real weapons. In addition to terra-cotta objects, there are bronze horses and bronze horse-drawn vehicles. All of the weapons are bronze and real weapons used at that age. These works have stayed under soil for 2000 years.
Last studies show that each soldier of the army is different from the other soldier. Because each one of them is handmade. Not only their facial types but also their facial expressions are different. Some of them look like angry, some of them look like cheerful, some of them shy, some of them hateful, some of them look like impassive. Once upon a time, their clothes and bodies were colored in red, green, purple, black, and pink. But when we look at them today, we see just grey.
Thanks to the idea of life after death, we can watch these amazing archaeological works today. Thanks for reading.