The belief of a second life has affected daily life, art, architecture, and religious literature of Ancient Egypt Civilization. Old Egyptians did not believe that life finished with death. According to them, death was the second part life and a kind of regenesis. Life and death completed each other and they were continuation of each other. Even if soul left body while dying, it would come back to the body provided that body was preserved well. Because of that, ancient Egyptians aimed to save body from any destruction.
Ancient Egyptians put items, writings, pictures in dead people’s graves because of the idea that these stuff would help souls for afterlife. They counted everything related to afterlife blow by blow. They aimed to beautify afterlife and easy dead ones’ way of the next world.
After death, people were responsible for their actions during lives. So, gods would judge people afterlife. This belief was valid for Ancient Egyptians. Punished spirits would continue living underworld suffering. Awarded spirits would live in God Osiris’ divine kingdom. To be awarded, people needed to redeem on earth.
In Old Kingdom Era, Osiris was the leader of gods’ court. Other gods were Thoth, Anubis, Isis, and Neftis. If gods determined a spirit as sinless, spirit would have a right to enter the strong god Ra’s universe.
According to the Ancient Egypt belief, passage to afterworld was really long and suffering. The ceremonies needed to be done in full, so dead one would pass clearly from judgement and it would live in peace forever.
Thanks to the belief in afterlife, we see such perfect archaeological findings in Egypt. I have written about Ancient Egypt for a few times. You can read them here. Next time, I am going to mention about embalmment in detail. Thanks for reading.