Angkor is located 6 kilometers away from Siem Reap city of Cambodia. This is a city of temples and it has a long history. Angkor became the capital of Khmer Kingdom in 890. Its population was around one million. There are nearly one hundred temples, graves, and ancient ruins here.
Angkor Wat is the most famous temple. The Word “wat” means temple. King Suryavarman started construction of the temple in 1115 two years after he ascended the throne. The construction lasted for thirty years. The temple became the symbol of strength of the city. It was used as an Indic temple firstly. But later it was used as a Buddhist temple.
Angkor Wat is the only religious construction which remains standing. It is one of the most important examples of Khmer architecture. It has a gothic style. It also takes place on the national flag of Cambodia. Around Angkor Wat, there are thich walls and moats which are 3.6 kilometers length. There are four tiny domes at four corners of the temple, and there is a huge dome at the middle of it.
The city was abondened for four hundred years. In this period, the buildings were covered by enormous rain forests. And it became invisible. Henri Mouhot, a French naturalist rediscovered this gorgeous city in 1858. Even if Khmer indigenous people and western people who sometimes visited this region have known these temples, the world has been aware of existence of Angkor Temples thanks to Henri Mouhot’s book.
Angkor Thom, Ta Prohm, Baphuon Temple, Banteay Srei, Phonom Bakheng are other temples in Angkor Ancient City. Each of them is perfect and tells a story. The city is a World Heritage site. And it charms its visitors with its amazing historical and natural beauties. Thank you for reading.