The Library of Alexandria was founded by Ptolemois at the beginning of 3rd century BC in Egypt. Ptolemaios became the empiror after Alexander the Great had died. Although his father Lagus was one of the commanders of Alexander the Great, Ptolemaios never liked war. Instead of creating wars and enlarging boundries of his empire, he was keen on science and history. He adopted traditions and religion of Egyptian people with his dynasty, so he won over. He also adopted Egyptian common laws and behaved like a pharaoh. He assumed the title of pharaoh and got married to his sister.
Alexandria city was the center of Ptolemaios’ empire and it became the capital. He fixed and developed the city and he made it the most famous of that age. The Library of Alexandria was the symbol and the most important work of Alexandria. It functioned as both a library anda museum. Also, it was a science center. There were samples of every kind of animals and plants. There were also a botanical garden, observatory, and dissecting room to analyze human body.
It was said that there were 900 thousand handwritten manuscripts in the library. Lots of people were working here and the library also functioned as a publishing house and kings propped up. Even, it hosted important scientists of that age like Archimedes, Euclides, Herofilos. The manager of the library had such an authority that he could take every book which entered into the boundries of Egypt. Copies of them were taken and given to their owners. Originals used to stay at the library.
There are a few hypotheses about destruction of the library. One of them is: Christians might have ruined temples and constructions of ancient Pagan faith, meanwhile they might have ruined The Library of Alexander. There are two other hypotheses. Muslims might have destroyed it. Or Julius Caesar might have destroyed it. It is not clear who destroyed the library. But a modern Alexandria library has been built on the same area and it is open today. Thank you for reading.