Most people suppose Taj Mahal is a Hindu temple or a mosque. But it is a shrine which the Babur Shah Jahan got it built for his everlasting love for his wife Arjumand Banu Begum, also called Mumtaz Mahal (Mumtaz Mahal means the queen of the world). Their fathers arranged the marriage when they were teenagers. Then, they got married and they were together for twenty years. Mumtaz Mahal bore 14 children but eight of them survived.
Shah Jahan used to trust on his wife both in personal and national issues. Moreover, he gave her authorization for use of shah’s seal, the most superior authorization. Mumtaz Mahal didn’t used to like policy and attend to national issues. But, she used to take the field with his husband. Unfortunately, she died while she was bearing during an expedition. She was younger than 40.
After her death, she was buried in a beautiful garden tempoparily. Shah Jahan was weary of life and locked himself in the house funereally. One year later, he came out of the depression with his elder daughter’s great effort and he resumed his duty. He decided to get a shrine constructed for his lovely wife. The construction lasted for twenty-two years.
Taj Mahal is a huge complex and there are other buildings in the complex. It is the most important sample of Indic-Islamic architecture. There is rhythmic combination in every part of the building. It is rectangular. The tombs of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan are on the top floor, under the dome. But their real graves are preserved on the lowest storey. There are hundreds of thousands of precious and semi-precious stones on the walls.
The thing that makes Taj Mahal perfect is its landscape design. Four minarets create three dimensional effect, this is important because this is the first three-dimensional sample of Babur architecture. There is perfect symmetry. I have one more archaeological writing about India here, if you wonder. Thank you for reading.