Mohenjo-Daro is an important center that enlightens its age with developed urban planning and settlement. It is located in Sind area of Pakistan. It was thought as a civilization by a river such as Egypt and Mesopotamia. But last researches show this information was wrong. The river dried 3000 years before Mohenjo-Daro. The people of this civilization weren’t arian like Sumerians. Experts don’t know where they came from and if they were indigenous or not. None of their writings have been read till now.
Every construction in Mohenjo-Daro was made of adobe brick. But, adobe was inappropriate for the rainy climate of Indus. So, this could have caused a big problem. Archaeologists uncovered a seal on which there were figures of some animals and a naked male god who was doing yoga. According to this, the god of Mohenjo was similar to the Hindu god Shiva.
In Mohenjo-Daro, there are twelve wide city blocks and there are three streets which are nine meters wide. This is the sign of systematically urban design. There are cylindrical shaped water wells and inner sides of the wells have been laid with fired brick. There was also a developed water and sewerage system. There have been canals among houses and these canals used to carry waste water to sump. People of Mohenjo-Daro used to clean the sump regularly.
The Great Bath in Mohenjo-Daro is one of the oldest hammams of the world and it was built in Indus Valley Civilization era, 4500 years ago. Archaeologisst found the ruins of a cornloft in the city. The cornloft was very likely used as a shop or a treasury where taxes and incomes were collected. It is really interesting that no religious constructions were found in the ancient city. If researchers can decode the writings of Mohenjo-Daro people, we learn their full history and secrets. I am looking forward to. Thank you for reading.