Sacsayhuaman is a fort that is located in the historical capital of Inca Civilization in Peru. It is a construction of pre-hispanic age. The fort watches Cusco city from the top of a steep hill. Its location was important strategically. It used to protect the most important gate of the city. Killkes built the first parts of the fort in 1100s. Then, Incas enlarged it in 13th century. Incas built dry walls using huge rocks mortarless. But they used such a technic that there is no room among the stones of the walls.
The outer walls of the fort is three-storey. The biggest cornerstone of Sacsayhuaman is up to 8,5 meters height. The stones are between 120 and 200 tons weight. It is not clear that how people of that age picked the stones up and carried them there. Archaeologist still don’t know methods of ancient people like in Gize Pyramids or Stonehenge. Researchers emphasize that it is nearly impossible to shape these stones with primitive tools.
Scientists discuss the level of information and potential of primitive cultures. The possibility of advanced technology used by them is a topic of discussion in science world. Local legends tell that the stones were shaped or were made lighter with liquid of some plants to carry them in an easier way. Another thesis is that sunlight was reflected to heat the stones so they became workable and they were attached each other.
According to the researcher Derek Cunningham, Sacsayhuaman has a thirty thousand year old secret writing style. In that study, the stones create interesting shapes and those shapes represent astronomical way of moon, sun, and earth. Last researches corroborate the idea that Sacsayhuaman might have been a temple to adore the sun. I believe when Sacsayhuaman tells us its secret, it will rewrite the history. Thank you for reading.