Shahr-e Sukhteh is a large settlement of Bronze Age. A Hungarian-English archaeologist Aurel Stein is the person who discovered the city in the early 1900s. Archaeologist Maurizio Tosi from Italian Institute of Middle-East and Africa Researches (Istituto Italiano per l’Africa e l’Oriente) did the first archaeological excavation in the ancient city in 1967. Since 1967, archaeologists have done more than twenty excavation studies discontinuously.
Shahr-e Sukhteh is The Burnt City of Iran and it was burnt three times throughout history. Researchers estimate the city is older than six thousand years. Archaeologists discovered some findings that are 5200 years old here. They also detected five main parts of the city with the residential area, industrial zone, historical monuments, and cemetery. Iranian and Italian archaeologists study on natural habitat of The Burnt City in 3000s BC.
The most surprising finding in The Burnt City is that one of the most oldest and successful brain operations was done here. Doctors operated a 12 or 13 year old girl 4800 years ago and they cured hydrocephalus. After the surgery, the girl survived and lived for many years. Archaeologists found the oldest dices of the world, a ruler, and an artificial eyeball. They also found a vase whose ornaments are the oldest animation drawings of the world.
There are three pre-historic temples whose date of construction is unknown. There are statues in good condition and they raise the importance of the ancient city. 280 of the statues are without mouth. Iranian archaeologists name the city “mouthless city” and they don’t know their aim of being made. Some archaeologists believe that the statues were totems which indigenous people used to adore.
Shahr-e Sukhteh was founded in 3200s BC, burnt three times, and abandoned in 1800s BC. Researches continue and experts are still studying on Shahr-e Sukhteh. I wish I will learn more about this interesting city. Archaeology is full of secrets. Thank you for reading.