Great Wall is an enormous wall that is lying thorough the northwest of People’s Republic of China. It is “The Dragon of the World” with 8821 kilometers length. The ruins of the wall start from the Gulf of Po Hay, pass through the north of the capital Pekin, and go on the west. More than twenty kingdoms has contributed to the construction of the wall. Historians have different opinions about aim of its construction. Chinese people might have built it to defend, to control migrations, to regulate trade, or to prove unity of the country.
All parts of Great Wall of China are not same. They are not totally bricky. Some parts are really weak and fragile. There are observation towers every 200 meters and there are light houses every 9 kilometers. There are also constructions like palace, temples, watchtowers, garrison stations on the wall. The wall is the corridor os transportation. Totally three thousand kilometers of the wall is standing today.
The construction of the Great Wall began in the 7th century BC. At the beginning, Chinese people laid a short barrier. When attacks against country increased, the barrier extended and improved. Every new empire added new parts to the wall. The most known part of the wall is the part that was built by the first empire Qin Shi Huang. He is famous for Terracotta Army (please click here to read) and he reigned China between the years of 220-206 BC. Just a little part of it has reached today.
A major part of Great Wall is standing today thanks to repairs by Ming Dynasty who reigned between the years of 1368-1644. Marco Polo, Giovanni da Pian del Carpine, Rubruck William, Giovanni de Marignolli were famous Europeans who visited Great Wall. But none of them told about it throughout history. It is the symbol of People’s Republic of China today. Thank you for reading.